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Teaching Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Teaching Erik Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development describes how a child perceives the world as safe and a good place to live in.
Teachers who apply psychosocial development in the classroom create an environment where each child feels appreciated and is comfortable with learning new things and building relationships with peers without fear.
Teaching Erikson’s theory at the different grade levels include:
1. Create projects that allow children to take charge of their learning process. Incorporate students’ interests so they that know you appreciate what they like.
2. Always compliment good choices students make, and give constant feedback of work done.
3. Never criticize. Talk with a child privately about poor choices. Ask questions to encourage cause-and-effect thinking about poor choices, alternate choices, and how the student can solve the problem now. Focus on guiding the student to a solution.
4. Children learn by experimenting, so do not punish a child for trying something that did not go as planned.
With your students, make a list of classroom duties, and let students take charge of these jobs to help the classroom run smoothly. Discuss rules with students and be sure to include them in it.
Role-play different situations with children, and discuss how they want to be treated when they are in like circumstances. This encourages them to think beyond themselves.
Let students know frequently that learning from mistakes and moving forward is more important than perfection or letting the mistake keep them down. Teach children that they should never laugh at, ridicule, demean or ignore someone who is having trouble socially or academically, but rather offer help and encouragement. This can help with the decrease of bullying and helps build peer relationships.
Recognize successes. Leave the mistakes of the past and help children build confidence in what they do best.
Provide choice of assignments rather than a solid strict one, where students can express their understanding to its highest potential i.e. art and music projects, multimedia presentations, written reports, oral reports, etc.
1. Pay close attention to whether you are grouping or favoring students by gender, race or socioeconomic status, and take steps to correct any inequities.
2. Expose students to many career choices through core curriculum activities, guest speakers and field trips or job shadows.
3. Help students identify their own strengths and weaknesses. Encourage students to develop confidence and focus goals on their strengths. Acknowledge when you see strengths in their work and personality.
4. Educate students in life skills to increase confidence and self-sufficiency.
How to Apply Psychosocial Development in the Classroom | eHow.com
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